Bethlehem


Bethlehem
Small town about 8 km. (5 miles) south of Jerusalem. It was in existence certainly by 1250 BCE and is mentioned frequently in the OT especially in connection with King David, where his great-grandmother Ruth lived (Ruth 1:19; 4:11) and where he himself was born (1 Sam. 17:12). There is a prophecy in Mic. (5:2) that the fortunes of Judah will be renewed through a ruler in Israel born in Bethlehem of the house of David. This verse was taken by Christians as a prophecy of the birth of their Messiah, Jesus, who is described in the gospels (Matt. 2:1; Luke 2:4; John 7:42) as being born in Bethlehem of Judaea, although his home town was Nazareth (Luke 4:16). But the reasons given for the birth in Bethlehem are, historically, so unconvincing that they seem to be conceived to validate Mic. 5:2 and 2 Sam. 5:2. Luke describes an unbelievable universal census which obliged the family to leave their home at Nazareth for the registration; while Matthew explains that on returning to Bethlehem from Egypt (2:22) they decided it would be safer after all to live at Nazareth rather than in their home at Bethlehem.
In 386 CE Jerome made his Latin translation of the Bible (the Vulgate) while living in Bethlehem.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bethlehem — • Titular see of Palestine • Birthplace of Jesus • An architectural term used in the Ethiopic Church for the oven or bakehouse for baking the Korban or Eucharistic bread Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bethlehem …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bethlehem — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bethlehem Información personal Origen Grevenbroich/North Rhine Westphalia, Alemania Información artística Género(s) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bethlehem — Жанры Dark Metal Годы 1991 наст. вр. Страна …   Википедия

  • BETHLEHEM — (Beth Lehem) (Heb. בֵּית לֶחֶם; Arab. Bait Lahm), city in Judah located five mi. (eight km.) S. of Jerusalem. Bethlehem may be mentioned in the el amarna letters (14th century B.C.E.) as a city in the territory of Jerusalem (Bit ilu Nin. Ib = the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bethlehem — Bethlehem, NC U.S. Census Designated Place in North Carolina Population (2000): 3713 Housing Units (2000): 1549 Land area (2000): 7.594031 sq. miles (19.668449 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.313086 sq. miles (3.400877 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, GA — U.S. town in Georgia Population (2000): 716 Housing Units (2000): 265 Land area (2000): 2.157709 sq. miles (5.588441 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.157709 sq. miles (5.588441 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, NC — U.S. Census Designated Place in North Carolina Population (2000): 3713 Housing Units (2000): 1549 Land area (2000): 7.594031 sq. miles (19.668449 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.313086 sq. miles (3.400877 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.907117 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, PA — U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 71329 Housing Units (2000): 29631 Land area (2000): 19.255333 sq. miles (49.871081 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.167156 sq. miles (0.432931 sq. km) Total area (2000): 19.422489 sq. miles (50.304012 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, WV — U.S. village in West Virginia Population (2000): 2651 Housing Units (2000): 1169 Land area (2000): 3.529233 sq. miles (9.140672 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.529233 sq. miles (9.140672 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem — Beth le*hem, n. [Heb. b[=e]th lekhem house of food; b[=e]th house + lekhem food, l[=a]kham to eat. Formerly the name of a hospital for the insane, in London, which had been the priory of St. Mary of Bethlehem. Cf. {Bedlam}.] 1. A hospital for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bethlehem — [beth′lə hem΄, beth ləhəm; ] occas [., beth′lēhəm] [LL (Vulg.) < Gr Bēthleem < Heb bet lechem, lit., house of bread] 1. ancient town in Judea; traditionally regarded as the birthplace of Jesus (Matt. 2:1): now a town in the West Bank: pop.… …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.